Introduction to Penetration Testing Tools & Software
Identifying weaker controls in systems via attack simulation help organizations to gather information about the different ways hackers can gain unauthorised access of systems and sensitive data and information or may get engaged in some other kind of malicious activities such as data stealing, data destruction, ransom demands etc.
There are many different types of penetration testing tools are available in the market. Today we will explore more about them and understand their usage and benefits.
Top Penetration Testing Tools & Software
There are wide range of Penetration testing tools to facilitate tasks automation and improve the efficiency of tests which otherwise would be difficult to discover manually. The penetration testing tools are divided into two categories dynamic analysis tools and static analysis tools. Static analysis performs test in a rest state whereas dynamic analysis tools analyse behaviour during run state.
Some famous and widely user penetration testing tools are listed here: –
One of the most popular security scanners for web applications. It can identify attacks ranging from Cross scripting to SQL injection and can be used by developers on websites, web services and web applications. It can scan 500 to 1000 web programs at the same time and can be used to customize security scan with attack preferences such as authentication, URL rewrite rules. Exploitation proof is documented.
It is also known as Ethereal 0.2.0 and analyses network with 600 authors. Network packets can be captured quickly and easily intercepted. This is an open source software and available on variety of systems such as Windows, Linux, Sun Solaris, FreeBSD etc. It supports online / offline analysis, colouring rules can be added for performing intuitive analysis.
It is the most widely used testing automation framework in the world. An open source software and allows network adminstrator to break in and identify weak points. It is easier to use GUI based interface and command line both, it can collect test data for 1500 exploits, Network segmentation tests are performed using MetaModules, supported platforms are Mac OS X, Windows, and Linux.
BeEF stands for ‘Browser Exploitation Framework’. This tool is meant to check web browser, it is best suited for mobile users as it is adapted to combat web borne attacks and uses GitHub to identify issues. It explorers weaknesses way beyond client and network perimeter. It is used for client-side attack vectors and connects with more than one web browsers.
John the Ripper –
Passwords are the entry gates to systems and attackers use passwords to steal credentials and gain access to sensitive systems. It is an open source software. It identifies many types of passwords hashes, discovers password databases weaknesses, it has customized cracker, it allows users to explore online documentation which includes summary of changes between different versions.
It is used to test wireless connections by capturing data packets and exporting it into a text file. This tool is supported on many flavours of operating systems such as Linux, Windows, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Sun Solaris etc and support for WEP directory attacks. On capturing the WPA handshake suite uses password dictionary and statistical techniques for break in into WEP. It offers testing by creating fake access points for various areas of security such as attacking, monitoring, testing, and cracking.
Acunetix Scanner –
It is an automated testing tool which is capable of auditing complicated management reports and handles issues in compliance. It handles a wide range of network vulnerabilities (including out of band vulnerabilities) also. It covers about 4500 weaknesses including cross scripting, SQL injection , XSS etc, it has built in black and white box testing, it can run locally thru a cloud solution.
Burp Suite Pen Tester –
There are two versions of the Burp suite for developers. The free version provides tools for scanning activities. For advanced penetration capabilities one can use second version. This tool is meant for checking web-based applications and can map the attack surface to analyse traffic between browser and destination servers. It uses web penetration testing on Java platform, and it is capable to perform automatic crawling on web-based applications, and available on Windows, Linux, OS X etc.
This tool is designed to handle Man in the middle attacks. This software can send invalid frames and build packets to perform specific tasks. This tool is best suited for deep packet sniffing, monitoring, and testing LAN, it supports active /passive dissection of protections, content filtering capabilities, can perform both host and network analysis.
It is a web-based application attack and audit framework focused on identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities in web applications. Attack, audit, and discovery are three types of Plugins supported, it can configure to run as MITM proxy, it can handle raw HTTP requests and automated HTTP request generation.
Key features of Penetration Testing Tools
Some of the key features of Penetration Testing Tools can be summarized as below:
|Netsparker||Elimination of False+Ve|
|Issue tracking with Jira|
|Scan integration into CI/CD pipeline with GitHub|
|Detailed technical reports|
|Reports to meet regulatory requirements|
|Wireshark||Online and offline traffic analysis|
|Advanced VoIP Analysis|
|Metasploit||Integrates with recon/scan tools like Nessus|
|Databases exploits and vulnerabilities assessment|
|BeEF||Ideal for mobile clients|
|Explores vulnerabilities beyond network perimeter and client systems|
|John the Ripper||Dictionary attack with vast variety of phrases, words etc|
|Successful password guessing|
|Compare hashed passwords from data leaks|
|Aircrack||Packet sniffer via monitoring|
|Key cracker of WEP and WPA/WPA2-PSK|
|Performs Fake APs, replay attacks|
|Packet injection capture|
|Acunetix Scanner||Can detect 6500+ vulnerabilities|
|Integrates with Jenkins, GitHub, GitLab, TFS, Mantis|
|It has API for secure controls|
|Fast scan engine with concurrent crawling and incremental scanning feature|
|It can run on premises or on cloud|
|Burp Suite Pen Tester||Ideal for web-based applications|
|Supported on multiple platforms including windows, Linux, and OS X|
|Ettercap||First software capable of sniffing an SSH connection|
|Supports creation of customer plugins|
|W3af||Reconfigurable and reusable parameters for pen tests|
|Results display in graphic and text formats|